Group classification: Herding Country of origin: Israel Date of origin: Antiquity
Weight (M): 45 - 55 lb Height (M): 20 - 24" Life expectancy: 12 - 13 years
Weight (F): 35 - 45 lb Height (F): 19 - 23"
1.General Description of the Canaan Dog
A sturdy dog of medium-size built along the lines of a racing hunter rather than a heavy plodder, the Canaan Dog is the only breed originating in Israel and is a member of the Herding Group. Squarely proportioned without extremes, the Canaan moves with athletic agility and an efficient ground-covering trot vital for survival in the wild. The head is wedge-shaped with prick ears, the nose is dark and slightly slanted, and almond-shaped eyes are dark brown and have an alert expression. The front legs are straight with round hard padded cat-like feet. The bushy tail curls over the back when the dog is excited or alert. The medium length double coat is harsh, straight, and lies flat. Canaan Dogs range in color from red to sand or may be black or white. They are often solid colored but may have white trim on the chest, feet, and tail tip; conversely, they may have a patched pattern of white with black or brown. In all color patterns there may be some ticking. The majority of US dogs are white and black, probably because the first four imports were white with black masks and patches.
2.Canaan Dog Temperament
While reserved and aloof with strangers, the Canaan Dog is inquisitive, loyal, and loving with his family. The dog gets along well with pets and other dogs. This is a highly territorial guard dog as well as a vocal watchdog. The Canaan Dog tends to be a one-person dog or one-family dog. Highly intelligent, the Canaan Dog is easily trained and excels in obedience, agility, tracking, and sentry work. They may also demonstrate the herding instinct. Somewhat independent, they require an owner who is firmly in charge.
3.Caring for a Canaan Dog
The Canaan Dog is a worker by nature, and needs plenty of physical and mental exercise everyday. Herding exercises, games, or vigorous training will help to satisfy these needs. Because Canaans are very defensive of their territory, they need socialization when young. If introduced as a puppy to people (especially children) and other dogs, their tendencies toward aloofness and dog aggression will be diminished. Canaans are moderately active indoors and can reside in an apartment if they get enough exercise. However, a sizeable yard would be preferable. Their dense undercoat protects the dog from extreme temperatures, whether hot or cold — so they can live outdoors, but they also make wonderful housedogs. Grooming requires little more than a weekly brushing. An extremely healthy breed, the Canaan rarely needs to see the vet and has no documented hereditary illnesses or conditions.