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10/2/11

Dog Broken Leg Symptoms and helf it

Dogs aren't different from human. They sometime broke their bones due to their mischief or accident.

The common broken bones are leg fracture, tail and other bones break. The injury can lead to other types of infection so proper treatments must be given during healing periods.

Common causes of dog broken leg is accidentally hitted by car, falling from high place, direct blow and repetitive forces caused by running etc.

Dog broken leg symptoms
  • Misshapen or visible out-of-place of joint
  • Limited mobility
  • Unable to move a limb
  • Refuse to sit or lie down
  • Cannot support body weight
  • hangs limply
  • Swelling or swollen
  • Bleeding
  • Bruising
  • Licking and whining
  • Intense pain
  • Numbness or confuse
  • tingling
Signs of shock
  • Pale
  • White gums
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Rapid breathing
  • Rapid but weak pulse
Cost for fixing dog broken leg
Veterinarian must examine your dog first to be able to determine the estimate cost by looking at the x-rays result. The approximate cost range is about $200 to over $1000 depend on how serious the fracture or broken bone is.
The cost of fixing dog broken leg also depend on other factors that must be taken into consideration such as:
  • Age of your dog
  • Position of broken bone
  • Front or back leg
  • Angle of break
  • Type of break such as horizontal, oblique, spiral and comminuted etc.
  • Time from injury
  • Break is open or closed
  • Condition of the muscles around the area of break
  • Splint, bone plates, intramedullary pin (IM), wires and cost varies with the size of your dog
  • Health status
  • the skills and experience of your vet
  • country where you live
  • Location for example clinic in city will be more expensive than clinic in rural regions
You should be aware that if your dog have intestinal worms then the bones won't heal properly due to lack of nutrients drain by worms. If the conditions is serious then leg amputation is always the best and better option than euthanasia. Remember that dog is your best and most trusted friend you will ever have in your life so be sure to treat them well.

Cone Degeneration, Achromatopsia in dogs

Achromatosis relates to a deficiency of pigmentation in the tissues or lack of staining power in a cell or tissue. 2

Segregation of the domestic dog population into separate breeds, driven by artificial selection for defined phenotypic and behavioral traits, has been marked by the emergence of inherited canine diseases that are often directly comparable to those observed in humans. In humans, a condition referred to as achromatopsia, total color blindness, day-blindness or rod monochromacy has been extensively described. 4

Cones are light-sensitive structures in the vertebrate eye. They are found throughout retina and are concerned with discrimination of color and visual acuity. There are three types of cone cells each containing a different iodopsin and each giving maximum response when stimulated by the blue, green and red. A pigment defect in one or more of the types of cone cells can lead to color blindness.

Breeds Affected by Achromatopsia

Cone degeneration (CD) is an autosomal recessive canine disease that occurs naturally in the Alaskan Malamute , Miniature Poodle and German Shorthaired Pointer breeds, although this condition may exist in other breeds of dogs 3. Canine cone degeneration (CD) was first observed in an inbred strain of Alaskan Malamute dogs in 1960, and is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait.

Signs of Cone degeneration

Cone-degenerate pups develop day-blindness and photophobia between 8 and 12 weeks postnatal, the age when retinal development is normally completed in dogs. Symptoms are present only in bright light; vision in dim light is normal. Affected dogs remain normal throughout life. It is similar to human achromatopsia, a heterogeneous autosomal recessive disorder (caused by more than one factor). Both the canine disease and its human counterparts are characterized by day-blindness and absence of retinal cone function in adults 2. You will know that your dog has day-blindness when you notice him colliding with obstacles in daylight.

Acral Lick Dermatitis, Lick Granuloma in dogs

Acral lick dermatitis, lick granuloma, or acral pruritic nodule is a single or multiple lesion on one or more extremities resulting from excessive and persistent licking. Acral lick dermatitis in dogs is one of the most common and frustrating dermatological problems encountered in general practice. The condition is now accepted as being caused by a multiple factor disease, and attempts to manage it with a single treatment are usually doomed to failure.

Causes of Acral Lick Dermatitis

Many factors, or triggers, have been suggested to predispose to or cause acral lick dermatitis, including allergy (atopic dermatitis, food), psychogenic causes, boredom, bacterial folliculitis, foreign bodies, neurologic disorders, local trauma, and joint or bone diseases. Independent of the contributing factor, once the lesion has developed it will contribute to the perpetuation of the compulsive licking behavior.

Signs of Acral Lick Dermatitis

Lesions are usually single but they can be multiple. Large breeds are predisposed (Doberman Pinscher, Labrador Retriever, Dalmatian, Irish setter, Weimaraner, Great Dane, German Shepherd Dog). Onset of lesions can occur at any age, but it is more common in dogs more than 5 years of age. Lesions tend to be recurrent, either at the same or different sites. There is often a history of poor or partial response to many therapeutic treatments. Lesions are created and maintained by constant licking or chewing. Clinically the lesion is characterized by bald, red, eroded or ulcerated, firm, nodular plaque(s).
Diagnosis of Acral Lick Dermatitis

Diagnosis of acral lick dermatitis is based on history, clinical signs, and elimination of other primary causes. It may include skin scrapings, impression smear cytology, and fungal culture (to rule out dermatophytosis). Biopsy of the lesion is helpful to rule out neoplasia (e.g. mast cell tumor). If joint or bone involvement is suspected, radiographs are taken. If there is a history of intense itchiness pruritus (either seasonal or nonseasonal) an allergy test is performed.

Treatment of Acral Lick Dermatitis

Approximately 65% of the cases can be satisfactorily controlled with medical and/or behavior management. However, even if an underlying problem has been identified and treated, concurrent treatment of the skin condition is essential. It is important to treat the frequently associated secondary bacterial infection with appropriate long-term (6 to 8 weeks) antibiotics. Treatment of this condition can be complicated, and in selected cases surgical removal of the affected area is indicated, particularly if the lesion is small, although
complications may develop.

To stop the lick cycle, several devices to prevent licking are recommended : elizabethan collar, bandaging, bad tasting topicals, basquet muzzle. The following drugs aimed to alliviate anxiety are used: phenobarbital, diazepam (Valium), hydroxyzine (Atarax); tricyclic antidepressants: amitriptyline (Elavil), imipramine (Tofranil), and clomipramine (Anafranil).

The successful treatment of lick granulomas relies on a thorough investigation of potential underlying causes and a combination of treatments that may include systemic, topical, behavioral, and surgical methods.
Prognosis for Acral Lick Dermatitis

In most cases a fair to guarded prognosis is given to dogs with acral lick dermatitis. If the underlying condition can be determined, the prognosis improves dramatically.

Achondroplasia in Dogs

Achondroplasiais in dogs is variously referred by orthopedic specialists as ACH, Achondroplastic dwarfism, Chondrodystrophia fetalis, Chondrodystrophy syndrome, Congenital osteosclerosis, Dwarf, achondroplastic, and Osteosclerosis congenita. These various definitions mean the same abnormal development of bone from cartilage. 1

Offspring can look normal at birth and weaning, but at the age of 2.5 to 4 months the longitudinal growth of the spine and leg bones can retard in the dwarfs compared with the normal littermates. Most dwarfs perform well, even in the field.5 In dogs, achondroplasia can be a mild condition, with slightly bowing or simply short legs, causing no discomfort to the animal, or severe, in which case extensive orthopedic surgery may be needed to both alleviate pain and allow the dog to function normally. This surgery, most frequently an ulna, or radius/ulna surgery, is generally performed at one year of age, when bone growth is nearly complete. Surgical success is variabl

Acanthosis Nigricans in Dogs


This is a rare disease of melanosis type with seen exclusively in Dachshunds. It begins with subtle symmetrical hyperpigmentation in the armpits. The early lesions then progress slowly to hair loss. Greasy, smelly debris accumulate in more severely affected dogs. The abdomen, groin, chest, anal area, forelimbs and hock may all be involved.

The term "acanthosis nigricans" also has been used generically to describe clinical skin reaction pattern which is characterized by visually similar lesions and is seen in a variety of breeds. Acanthosis nigricans is similar to chronic hyperplastic dermatitis, particularly due to allergy, but may be less inflamed.

Diagnosis of Acanthosis Nigricans

A careful history and physical examination is performed to identify an underlying cause. Skin scrapings are performed to rule out demodicosis, especially in young dogs. Impression smears are useful to identify bacterial and Malassezia infections.

Affected animals should not be bred in order to avoid possible propagation of the defect, in the event that there is an inheritable basis.

Treatment of Acanthosis Nigricans

Primary acanthosis nigricans in Dachshunds is not curable. Early cases may respond to shampoo therapy and local topical glucocorticoids, for example, betamethasone valerate ointment. As lesions progress, more aggressive systemic therapy may be useful. In secondary acanthosis nigricans, the lesions will spontaneously resolve after identification and correction of the underlying cause. However, this will not occur if secondary bacterial and yeast pyodermas are not treated appropriately.

Vitamin E has been successfully used in the treatment of a variety of skin diseases including discoid and systemic lupus erythematosus, dermatomyositis, and epidermolysis bullosa simplex. Vitamin E is rarely successful alone in the management of these conditions, but offers a relatively nontoxic aid to therapy.
Chronic Hyperplastic Dermatitis

Chronic hyperplastic dermatitis, sometimes referred to as "dermatitis reaction", is seen primarily in the dog. The main signs of this condition is intense itch and self-trauma. Crusting is another common feature. Chronic allergy is the most common cause. It may look like other chronic skin diseases such as pyoderma or cornification disorders.

Use of Betamethasone

Betamethasone is an anti-inflammatory (corticosteroid) drug which depresses the formation, release, and activity of elements involved in inflammation, such as prostaglandins, kinins, and histamine. This drug may cause immune suppression. Prolonged use of steroids may promote the development of cataracts and glaucomas.

the Signs of Dog Disease

Following is a list of most common diseases and in a dog and signs that characterize them. However, this list is not intended to be used to diagnose and treat your dog, but rather as a tool to tell when your dog is ill. Communicating with your veterinarian is a key part of ensuring good health care for your dog.

DISEASESSIGNS
Abscesses (according to site) difficulty moving, fever, loss of appetite, pus
Arthritis painful to touch
Burns rapid breathing, shedding coat, ulceration
Cystitis
(inflammation of the bladder)
abdominal pain, blood in the urine, difficult or no urination, painful urination, urinary incontinence
Dermatitis
(skin inflammation)
shedding coat, skin irritation, ulceration
Diabetes Insipidus intense thirst, urinary incontinence, urinary incontinence, voracious appetite
Diabetes Mellitus bad breath, coma, frequent urination, intense thirst, urinary incontinence, voracious appetite
Distemper abdominal pain, convulsions, cough, diarrhea (normal), loss of appetite, fever, low spirits, poor appetite, rapid breathing, trembling, vomiting, voracious appetite
Eclampsia changes in behavior, convulsions, bedsores, fever, lethargy, loss of appetite, loss of balance, painful breathing, trembling
Eczema shedding coat, skin irritation
Enteritis
(inflammation of the intestines)
abdominal pain, diarrhea (normal), loss of appetite, vomiting, weight loss
External Parasites scratches the ears, shedding coat, skin irritation
Foreign Bodies abdominal pain, constipation, cough, cyanosis, diarrhea (normal), difficulty swallowing, intense thirst, loss of appetite, painful to touch, scratches the ears, swelling of the abdomen, vomiting
Gastritis abdominal pain, bad breath, loss of appetite, swelling of the abdomen, vomiting
Hemorrhage conspicuous inner eyelid, painful breathing, rapid breathing, shock
Heart Disease abdominal distension, convulsions, cough, lethargy, mucous tissues pale, painful breathing
Heat Stroke changes in behavior, coma, bedsores, fever, intense thirst, loss of appetite, loss of balance, low spirits, painful breathing, painful to touch, rapid breathing, shock, ulceration
Infectious Hepatitis abdominal pain, diarrhea (with blood), fever, intense thirst, jaundice, lethargy, loss of appetite, painful breathing, rapid breathing, vomiting
Internal Parasites cough, diarrhea (with blood), diarrhea (normal), mucous tissues pale, swelling of the abdomen, vomiting, voracious appetite, weight loss
Intestinal Blockage abdominal pain, constipation, convulsions, lethargy, loss of appetite, poor appetite, vomiting
Leptospirosis abdominal pain, blood in the urine, cyanosis, diarrhea (normal), difficult or no urination, fever, jaundice, lethargy, loss of appetite, painful urination, poor appetite, rapid breathing, vomiting
Leukemia lethargy, loss of appetite, low spirits, mucous tissues pale, conspicuous inner eyelid painful breathing, rapid breathing, vomiting
Metritis
(inflammation of the uterus)
abdominal pain, convulsions, cyanosis (low blood oxygen), lethargy, loss of appetite, conspicuous inner eyelid, pus, swelling of the abdomen, vomiting
Nephritis abdominal distension, abdominal pain, bad breath, cyanosis (low blood oxygen), difficult or no urination, fever, frequent urination, lethargy, low spirits, painful urination, swelling of the abdomen
Otitis convulsions, loss of balance, pus, scratches the ears, skin irritation
Para-Influenza cough, painful breathing
Parvovirus convulsions, diarrhea with blood, diarrhea (normal), fever, lethargy, loss of appetite, low spirits, conspicuous inner eyelid, poor appetite, rapid breathing, vomiting, weight loss
Poisoning changes in behavior, convulsions, cyanosis (low blood oxygen), diarrhea (with blood), diarrhea (normal), poor appetite, rapid breathing, shedding coat, shock, trembling, vomiting
Rabies changes in behavior, convulsions, fever, intense thirst, loss of balance, low spirits, mucous tissues pale, conspicuous inner eyelid, poor appetite, trembling, weight loss
Ringworm shedding coat
Stones abdominal pain, blood in the urine, difficult or no urination, painful urination, urinary incontinence
Tartar bad breath
Tonsillitis cough, difficulty swallowing, fever, loss of appetite, vomiting
Toothache bad breath, difficulty swallowing, intense thirst, loss of appetite
Torsion of the Stomach abdominal pain, changes in behavior, coma, convulsions, difficulty swallowing, intense thirst, loss of appetite, conspicuous inner eyelid, mucous tissues pale, painful breathing, painful to touch, poor appetite, rapid breathing, swelling of the abdomen, vomiting
Tuberculosis cough, loss of appetite, low spirits, conspicuous inner eyelid, painful breathing, rapid breathing, trembling, weight loss
Tumors abdominal distension, loss of appetite, mucous tissues pale, conspicuous inner eyelid, painful to touch, weight loss

A Comprehensive List Of Dog Diseases


A list of dog diseases is worth having for any animal lover as it will indicate what can be wrong with a dog. The following is a fully compiled list of dog diseases which will be extremely helpful in determining certain conditions in a dog which may otherwise be inexplicable. Otherwise healthy dogs and puppys can contract certain mentioned sickness, infections even with being cared for well. Gastrointestinal illness can be prevented with proper feeding, although muscular, skeletal, cardiovascular, cancers and many others mentioned below are often found in birth or in ageing of animals.

Some of the most important, and sometimes deadly, and treatable syndromes, and infections found in dogs are following.

1. Infectious diseases
2. Bacterial infections
3. Viral infections
4. Protozoal infections
5. Fungal infections
6. Other infections

-Muscular and skeletal syndromes-Parasites-Circulatory and cardiovascular diseases-Eyes-Ears-Nervous system-Cancers-Skin-Environmental-Behavioral-Gastrointestinal ailments-Endocrine illness-Reproductive and urinary system-Overdoses and poisons

A closer look at the different viruses and infections and symptoms there of which can be found on a list of dog diseases, some which are treatable, where as others are deadly.

Bacterial infections such as Lime illness, which starts from spreading of ticks and symptoms, are anorexia, lethargy and arthritis. Brucellosis, which is sexually transmitted and Kennel cough results in respiratory problems, which usually occurs when dogs are in close confinement. Clostridium causes diarrhea and Leptospirosis which cause kidney and liver failure.

A viral infection includes Canine parvovirus, a gastrointestinal problem which usually occurs in puppies. Canine distemper is often fatal with neurological and respiratory signs. Canine corona virus is a gastrointestinal illness which is normally asymptomatic with mild clinical signs. Hepatitis which is often fatal in the liver of dogs.

Protozoal infections such as Giardiasis is an intestinal disease with common symptoms, diarrhea. Coccidiosis has no specific known symptoms although weight loss and diarrhea can occur. Leishmaniasis which is commonly caused by the sand fly. Babesiosis is caused by hard ticks which causes hemolytic anemia in dogs.

Not unlike humans there can be found on a list of dog diseases muscular and skeletal ailments commonly found in humans.

Osteoarthritis, Hip dysplasia which usually occurs in large breed dogs, Elbow dysplasia, also in large breeds. Luxating patella is usually inherited and is found in smaller breed dogs.

There are a very large variety of parasites found in dogs, which can be prevented and must be treated as soon as possible to prevent great discomfort and worse sickness is dogs.

Parasites such as intestinal parasites include hookworms, roundworms and tapeworms which cause diarrhea, vomiting and weight-loss in dogs. Fleas and ticks are a common parasite in dogs and heartworm causes coughing, difficulty breathing and often death. Mites cause itching, burning and crusting.

Again much like humans, included on the list of dog diseases dogs are commonly dogs either born with a defect heart or can develop heart problems over the years which can result in the death of the animal. Circulatory and Cardiovascular diseases include the following:

Von Willebrand disease is inherited found in dogs as well as humans which is caused by protein deficiency and signs are spontaneous bleeding as well as excessive bleeding following injury or surgery. Thrombocytopenia is caused by a low platelet count as oppose to Thrombocytosis which is caused by an excess of platelets.

All animals should be properly nourished and cared for either to prevent them from disease or cure them. Most infections and contagions found on a list of dog diseases are curable and owners of animals should realize that prevention is often possible which will result in a healthy and happy animal.

Why Do Dogs Lick People?


You’re taking a moment to relax in front of the television. The family dog wanders over to you and plops down at your feet. Your furry canine friend begins to lick the exposed skin on your leg and continues until you’re all slobbered up. The licking continues until you feel that your skin has been cleaned to the point where it may disappear. Have you ever wondered just what your dog gets out of licking you?
Most dogs are so intent on the licking process that you know there has to be a good reason for doing it.

Some people say the dog’s licks are canine kisses that prove the dog likes or loves you. Fido is showing you that he cares about you. While this may be one reason that dogs lick people, it is clearly not the only reason why they perform this act.
Another theory is that dogs lick you because they were taught to do so by their mother from birth. Female dogs that give birth lick the new puppies to stimulate them to start breathing and to clean them up. Licking is important to the survival of puppies. The licking process is a natural instinct that they quickly learn from their mothers.
Licking is also a submissive gesture. In the wild, the more subordinate dogs will lick the more dominant ones. This helps to maintain harmony among the members of the pack. By licking you, the dog is showing you that you are the dominant being and you are in charge.
Another reason that dogs lick humans is to gather information about them. Dogs use the scent receptors located in their nose and mouth to process information about a person. A person who is secreting sweat from his or her body is actually unknowingly sending information about him or herself to the dog. This is one reason why a human’s feet are so attractive to a dog. Human feet contain many sweat glands. Eccrine glands release moisture that contains salts, water and waste products. Some dogs love the taste of salt.
Sebaceous glands, which are found near hair follicles, release sebum. The combination of the sweat and sebaceous gland secretions provide a lot of detail about you to an inquisitive dog that can tell if you are afraid, stressed or happy.
Dogs also enjoy licking because the act releases endorphins that allow the dog to feel pleasure and a sense of security and comfort.
In some cases, a dog will go all out to lick his or her owner’s face, hands or legs when strangers are around. Experts believe that this could be the dog’s way of showing that you are important to them and that they care more about you than they do the stranger.
While dogs do have good reasons for licking people, some folks don’t understand nor do they care to try to grasp why they are being slobbered on. It is important to train your dog in a manner that he or she does not get carried away with the tendency to lick people.

Why do dogs lick their feet


Dogs lick their feet for a variety of reasons. A dog will spend time cleaning its feet with its tongue especially if it is active outside. Dirt, stones and pieces of wood and other material can become lodged under a dog's nail and between the pads of its feet.

A splinter or cut can easily become infected if it is not kept clean. A dog must spend time licking its feet to keep them clean. Dogs that spend much time outdoors will have to clean its feet often. Reasons that may cause a dog to lick its feet include stress, boredom and hygiene. Regular exercise and quality time spent with the dog will improve a dogs stress and boredom. Other causes that can make a dog lick its feet include injury to the toenail, foot pad and between the foot pads.

Splinters, cuts, insect bites and burns can cause a dog to lick its feet. Medical conditions that cause irritation to the skin and foot area cause licking. Unless the injury or condition is effectively treated, a dog may lick its foot so that the area to develop a condition called lick granuloma. Lick granuloma may also develop if a dog is bored from either not enough socialization with its family or exercise. Red and raw sores are the symptoms of lick granuloma.

Allergies can cause a dog to lick its feet. Allergic reactions may be caused from plants, foods and substances. Injury including broken bones and infections may also cause a dog to lick its feet. If a nail is broken or becomes ingrown, the dog may lick at the area. Arthritis may cause a dog to lick its feet.

When a dog licks its foot or limps, it is important that you determine the cause of the activity. Your dog's feet are important to its health and if your dog suddenly begins licking its foot, you must find the cause for the licking.

Your dog's travels on its feet so it is important that a dog's feet are well maintained and healthy. You can help your dog by watching for any signs of unusual licking that may indicate a problem. You can keep the skin on the pads of a dog's feet by providing enough water and a healthy diet. You should take your pet to the veterinarian if you suspect that the dog has a problem underlying any foot licking activity.

do bull terriers get along with other dog

Bull Terrier Advice? Getting Along With Other Dogs?
I currently have two dogs. One is a 3 year old male Miniature Schnauzer. We've had him since he was a puppy. About 2 years after we got the Schnauzer, we adopted a female Shar-Pei/Lab mix. They both get along really well. The female is spayed, but the male is not neutered. We were recently offered the opportunity to adopt a male Bull Terrier (Spud/Frankenweenie). The bull terrier isn't neutered, but it's still a pup. Does anyone have any experience with Bull Terriers and other dogs? Would the fact that both of the males aren't neutered be a problem? Any thought or advice would be appreciated.
Thanks!

bull terriers are very hard to handle, even though they aren't the biggest things. they will try to be top dog, especially males. unless you plan to breed, i would not recommend keeping him unneutered.
another issue that you might find absurd (i assure you, i'm being serious) is that male bulls like to hump everything. this can be frightening to kids and smaller dogs, and it might start fights with bigger dogs. i was at a show once and i was walking my dog around when a bull terrier jumped out from under a judging table and latched onto my leg. they are strong. they can bruise you.
on the british show… i can't remember the name… they help people train their dogs. one episode was with a hyperactive, obsessive humping bull terrier. it took neutering and tons of training before anybody felt safe around him. so clearly this breed has a reputation.
of all the breeds i've dealt with, this is THE most difficult to handle. if he's still young you hopefully have a chance at instilling some manners and self control. if you do, he will be an awesome dog. if you don't, he might be a nightmare
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